Happy Hens, Great Eggs
Eggs nutritional gold in their own little packages. They're good value, easy to prepare, versatile, satisfying and delicious. We certainly eat a lot of them 36 million a day! Does anyone remember the slogan 'Go to Work on an Egg'? The original Tony Hancock adverts are on YouTube. It's much sounder advice than breakfast cereal ads today. There was a time when we were advised to eat fewer eggs; now the Food Standards Agency says they're good for everyone, even raw. The British Lion mark was launched in 1998 and shows when hens have been vaccinated against salmonella. So what’s in them?
Protein - including all the essential amino acids and against which all other protein sources are measured.
Fats – including mono-unsaturated and essential long-chain omega 3 fatty acids. They famously contain cholesterol but this will not affect your blood levels.
Vitamins - A, B2 (riboflavin), B5, B9 (folate), B12 and D.
Minerals - rich in selenium, phosphorous and iron.
Other - choline (the only other food rich in this essential nutrient is liver) - lutein and zeaxanthin (needed by your eyes).
How good your eggs are depends on how the hens have lived. Could you keep your own hens? If that’s not an option and you haven’t any hen-keeping friends, buy the best of what’s available Organic eggs are the most expensive at ~30p each. They have the best animal welfare standards and are always free-range. Hens are naturally inquisitive creatures, happier when free to forage outside. Free-range eggs have better animal welfare than hens kept inside and a superior nutritional profile with double the amount of vitamins and omega 3 fats. Sainsbury’s sells woodland eggs from hens free to forage among trees as wild ones would. Barn eggs come from hens kept inside, up to a maximum of 6000, with space to move around. They eat only the food provided. Omega 3 eggs have feed supplemented by flaxseed oil and/or fish oil. The cheapest eggs come from hens in cages. Beware marketing tricks – is the idyllic farm in the picture a real farm? Each egg has a number stamped on it where it came from. When factory hens are crammed together there’s a greater likelihood of disease so they get daily antibiotics. This adds to the danger we’ll lose the use of these life-saving drugs one day. 14 year old Lucy Gavaghan's petition resulted in a huge, national shift away from hens in cages. Barren, battery cages are now banned under EU law, so all Lion Marked eggs come from enriched cages. Caged hens are fed just on grains without all the good plants and little critters they would grub up if they were outside. Having said that, even cheap eggs (~12p each) are good for you and far better than many of the processed foods for sale. Local farm eggs are often for sale in your local butcher's or supermarkets and could come under any of these categories. You might see signs on country lanes too. Some of these eggs are superb but if they do not bear the Lion Mark there are no guarantees of quality. Find out more at egginfo.co.uk
Top Tip – Eat eggs laid by happy hens!